When the soil and ground of a construction site is flattened or adjusted, this process is called grading. Grading is necessary for flattening out a slope or uneven ground when working on the basic foundation and framing for a building or home. It is typically the first stage of any construction project. In order to have a solid foundation, it must be sitting on flat ground. Many times, the original site has slopes and curves that need to be flattened. Machinery and tools are used in order to grade the job site. Grading also helps in other ways, such as offering a unique appearance for landscaping, or to improve drainage in certain areas.
In some cases, grading is a simple task that a construction site foreman is able to accomplish. In more unique circumstances, professionals like earthwork contractors or engineers need to come in and have a look at the area. Moisture issues and soil conditions often require the need of such individuals to create the best foundation during the grading process. Additionally, professionals may be called in according to elevation changes. For the most part, grading is simply done by the construction workers. Grading is done with machinery like bulldozers and excavators, for removing and redistributing dirt, along with dump trucks and various other types of equipment.