Where Do Formosan Termites Thrive?
Formosan termites are found in warm climates and across the southern United States and places such as California or Hawaii. However, small populations have even been found as north as the Canadian border. They need a higher humidity level than other termites, so this limits their range within the continental US. Homeowners most often find this type of termite damage when they are doing renovations on their home. These termites consume wood and cause portions of a home’s structure or the walls to start to sag.
Formosan Termites’ Favorite Snack
These termites feed on materials that have cellulose, but they attack a greater variety of wood at a faster rate than standard subterranean termites. Unlike the “sub-termite”, the Formosan gets its moisture from the wood it is eating. This means that they can burrow in and not show themselves until they have done real damage. In high infestation areas, such as Hawaii, this breed has been known to render a structure uninhabitable in two years. This is a task that sub-termites take multiple decades to accomplish. Their speed makes them a greater threat to homeowners in these areas.
If you suspect termite damage in your home, a professional can look for nests of soil, saliva, fecal material and chewed wood.