A septic system is where the water from a building is drained to when it is used. This means the water that is used and comes from your tub, toilet, sink, dishwasher and washing machine. The water is used for the purposes that it is intended and then flushed out of the building into a pipe system that takes it to a septic tank. The septic tank is constructed of plastic, fiberglass or concrete and is situated under ground in the yard. Here the waste is given a chance to settle and separate into various layers. These layers include sludge, floating debris, oils and even a layer of water like substance. On another end of the septic tank is an outlet pipe that allows only the watery section to be let out and into the earth. There are typically air holes from the septic system to allow the fumes to escape.
Periodically you may have a problem with the septic system in your home. The sludge might back up into your plumbing areas and there may be a terrible smell in the area. This may mean that you need to have your septic tank inspected. Periodically the septic tank will need to be drained and the sludge removed and taken away by a professional. In some cases the plumbing lines of the septic system can be damaged. This could happen from a tree rootor cracked pipe from freezing and will need to be repaired by a professional.