Structural movement is when a structure starts to shift in its location. This can be due to settling of building materials, settling of the soil and earth below the structure, or natural movement and disasters that shift buildings on the earth. The structural movement is something to be considered during any construction project. There is to be an assessment of the possibilities of structural movement and adjustments made to ensure that the building is constructed in such a manner that it can handle the movements and shifts. It is important that the frame work of a building be constructed in such a manner that it can handle shifts.
When structural movement occurs there can be damage done to the foundation of a building and the frame work of the building. A major shift can crack a foundation, thus shifting the building and causing problems such as wall cracking and ceiling cracking. While this can often be a cosmetic issue to the walls and ceiling, if the foundation shifts and cracks the problem can be more serious. Once the crack is put into place in the foundation it could quickly deteriorate causing more problems. A professional would need to assess the situation and determine if the building needs to be shored up to provide a level foundation or if the damage to the cracked foundation can simply be addressed.